A pair of articles published recently by the Chinese Cultural Relics journal reports the discovery of an ancient box that may have contained remains of the historical Buddha. Most experts believe Gautama Siddhartha Shakyamuni lived and died approximately 2500 years ago.
The box is made of sandalwood, gold, and silver. Archaeologists believe that the box many contain a skull bone of the Buddha. In addition to the box, a collection of 260 6ft high statues were also uncovered.
The inscription on the box states that two monks collected the Buddha’s cremated remains over a span of 20 years and buried them in the temple in 1013 CE:
“The monks Yunjiang and Zhiming of the Lotus School, who belonged to the Manjusri Temple of the Longxing Monastery in Jingzhou Prefecture, gathered more than 2,000 pieces of [the cremated remains of the Buddha] as well as the Buddha’s teeth and bones, and buried them in the Manjusri Hall of this temple.
” In order to promote Buddhism, they wanted to collect relics of the Buddha. To reach this goal, both of them practiced the instruction of Buddhism during every moment of their lives for more than 20 years.”
That, to me, is the most interesting part of the story, that the two monks used their search for the Buddha’s relics as a way to practice, and promote Buddha-dharma. The reference in the inscription to the “Lotus School” leads me to believe the two monks probably belonged to the T’ien-t’ai sect, which was widely known as the Lotus School. However, online research of Manjusri Temple and Longxing Monastery did not reveal what sect to which the monastery, built in 586 CE, belonged.
Buddha’s relics are called sarira (“body” or “relics”). I remember reading years ago how the Buddha expressly forbade his disciples to collect and worship his relics, and yet, there is an early sutta in which he gives precise instructions on how veneration of his relics should be carried out.
According to legend, the Buddha’s remains were to go only to his family, the Shakya clan. But six other clans and a king also wanted the relics. To avoid fighting, the relics were divided into ten portions, “eight from the body relics, one from the ashes of Buddha’s cremation pyre and one from the pot used to divide the relics, which he kept for himself.”
I doubt anyone will ever be able to confirm that the relics are the Buddha’s, but then I don’t know much about this kind of stuff. But I have seen a relic of the Buddha myself. Or what is purportedly a Buddha relic. Here in Southern California, in the museum at Hsi Lai Temple in Hacienda Heights, a teeny tiny fragment of the Buddha’s bone is on display. I mean it is so tiny that you have to look it using a special magnifying viewer, and even then, it’s underwhelming. And of course, there are “relics” all over Asia. Check out Wikipedia’s page on Relics Associated with the Buddha .
Now, those of us who practice Buddha-dharma should know we do not need to go anywhere to find a relic of Buddha.
All sentient beings have been endowed with the true mind of original enlightenment. From the beginningless beginning this mind has been constant, Pure, luminous, and unobscured; it has always been characterized by bright cognition; it is called the Buddha Nature or the Womb of the Awakened.
From the beginningless beginning the delusions of human beings has obscured it so that they have not been aware of it. Because they recognize in themselves only the ordinary person’s characteristics.
– Tsung-mi (780-841)
On one hand, we are ordinary. On the other hand, we are not. This other hand is the hand that is the flesh and bone of Buddha. We are the Buddha’s true relics. When we open our box and unpack ourselves, we find the Buddha, his teachings and practice living within us.